Can You Safely Consume Undercooked Bratwurst?

Can you eat undercooked bratwurst?

Bratwursts are a popular type of sausage, especially during grilling season. Made from a combination of ground pork and veal, bratwursts are known for their tenderness and flavor. However, one question that often arises is whether it is safe to eat undercooked bratwurst. In this article, we will explore the potential risks of eating undercooked bratwurst, how to determine if it is undercooked, the recommended cooking temperature, and the best cooking methods for bratwurst.

Understanding Bratwurst

Bratwursts are a type of German sausage, typically made with a mixture of pork and veal. They are seasoned with various spices such as ginger, nutmeg, coriander, and caraway, which contribute to their distinct and savory flavor. Different regions of Germany have their own variations of bratwurst, with some recipes even incorporating cream and eggs for added richness.

The dangers of undercooked bratwurst

Consuming undercooked bratwurst may pose certain risks, similar to those associated with undercooked meats in general. While there have been concerns about the potential risk of trichinosis, a foodborne illness caused by a parasitic worm called trichinella, it is important to note that such cases are incredibly rare in the United States. Trichinella is no longer found in confined domestic pigs, and most reported cases now result from eating wild bear meat.
Although the risk of trichinosis from bratwurst is minimal, it is worth considering that pork products from animals raised outdoors, which may come in contact with wild animals such as foxes or rodents, could potentially carry the parasite. However, both the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and public health officials assert that trichinosis is extremely rare in the U.S., providing reassurance that the average consumer is unlikely to encounter this disease.
To be on the safe side, it is important to know the signs and symptoms of trichinosis. These include diarrhea, nausea, fatigue, abdominal pain, headache, fever, chills, muscle aches, and pain and swelling around the eyes. If you suspect you have trichinosis, you should seek medical advice.
Given the potential risks, it is important to ensure that sausages are cooked to the proper internal temperature to eliminate any harmful bacteria or parasites.

Recommended internal temperature

In the past, there was considerable concern about the presence of Trichinella in pork, leading to a tendency to overcook pork products. However, the incidence of trichinosis has declined significantly, making it less of a concern.
When it comes to cooking brats, it is important to achieve an internal temperature of 160°F (71°C) to ensure food safety. While whole pork cuts such as chops and tenderloins can be cooked to an internal temperature of 145°F (63°C), ground pork products, including bratwurst, require the higher temperature to minimize the risk of illness.
To accurately determine the internal temperature of brats, it is advisable to use a meat thermometer. This inexpensive tool can provide accurate readings and help ensure that the sausage is cooked thoroughly without overcooking.

Determining if bratwurst is undercooked

The most reliable way to determine if a bratwurst is undercooked is to check its internal temperature with a meat thermometer. However, if a thermometer is not available, a simple visual test can be performed.
Using a pair of tongs, gently pick up the bratwurst and wiggle it. If the sausage feels limp, it is undercooked. On the other hand, if the bratwurst feels firm and springy, it is probably cooked and safe to eat.
It is worth noting that bratwursts may still appear slightly pink in the center even when cooked to the recommended internal temperature of 160°F (71°C). This is a result of the ingredients used and does not necessarily indicate undercooking. Checking the internal temperature or performing the firmness test is the most reliable way to ensure that the bratwurst is fully cooked.

The best cooking methods for bratwurst

There are several cooking methods that can be used to prepare bratwurst, depending on personal preference. One popular and flavorful method is to steam the sausages in beer on the stovetop and then finish them on the grill over an open flame.
The following ingredients and steps can be used to steam brats in beer:

  • 2 12-ounce cans of beer
  • 1 teaspoon red chili flakes
  • 1 teaspoon whole black peppercorns
  • 1 onion, thinly sliced
  • Bratwurst Sausages


  1. In a large saucepan, combine the beer, red chili flakes, peppercorns, and sliced onion.
  2. Bring to a simmer over medium heat.
  3. Add the bratwurst sausages to the pot and simmer for about 15 minutes.
  4. Remove the sausages from the pot and place on a preheated grill.
  5. Grill the brats over medium heat for about 5-7 minutes per side or until nicely browned and cooked through.

Another popular method is to cook brats directly on the grill. Here’s a simple guide to grilling brats:

  • Bratwurst Sausages


  1. Preheat the grill to medium heat.
  2. Place the bratwurst sausages on the grill grates, making sure they are evenly spaced.
  3. Close the grill lid and cook the sausages for about 15-20 minutes, turning occasionally to ensure even cooking.
  4. Use an instant-read meat thermometer to check the internal temperature of the brats. They should reach 160°F (71°C) before they are considered fully cooked.
  5. Once the sausages have reached the proper temperature, remove them from the grill and let them rest for a few minutes before serving.


In conclusion, it is not safe to eat undercooked bratwurst due to the potential risk of foodborne illness. Unlike steak, bratwurst must be thoroughly cooked to eliminate harmful bacteria and parasites. The recommended internal temperature for bratwurst is 160°F (71°C), which can be determined by using a meat thermometer or a firmness test.
While the risk of trichinosis from bratwurst is minimal, it is important to ensure that bratwurst is cooked properly to prevent potential foodborne illness. By following the recommended cooking methods and temperatures, such as steaming in beer and broiling or direct grilling, you can enjoy delicious and safely cooked brats during your grilling season.
Remember to prioritize food safety by thoroughly cooking brats and other pork products to the proper internal temperature. This way, you can enjoy the flavors of this popular sausage without compromising your health.


What are bratwursts?

Bratwurst is a type of German sausage made from a mixture of ground pork and veal, seasoned with various spices to give it a tasty flavour.

Can you eat undercooked bratwurst?

No, it is not safe to eat undercooked bratwurst. Unlike steak, bratwurst must be thoroughly cooked to eliminate any harmful bacteria or parasites that could cause food poisoning or illness.

What is the recommended internal temperature for bratwurst?

The recommended internal temperature for bratwurst is 160°F (71°C). It is important to use a meat thermometer to ensure proper cooking and food safety.

How can you tell if a bratwurst is undercooked?

One way to tell if a bratwurst is undercooked is to check its firmness. Gently wiggle the sausage with tongs – if it feels limp, it is probably undercooked. Alternatively, using a meat thermometer is the most accurate way to tell if a bratwurst is cooked to the right temperature.

What are the risks of eating undercooked bratwurst?

The risks of eating undercooked bratwurst are similar to those of undercooked meat in general. While the risk of trichinosis is minimal in the United States, bratwurst made from pork raised outdoors could potentially carry the parasite. It is important to cook bratwursts to the recommended internal temperature to minimise the risk of foodborne illness.

What are some recommended cooking methods for bratwurst?

Two popular cooking methods for bratwurst are steaming in beer and grilling or direct grilling. Steaming bratwursts in beer adds flavour and moisture before finishing on the grill for a charred exterior. Alternatively, grilling bratwursts directly over medium heat can produce a smoky and delicious result.