The Best Flour for Perfect Challah Bread: A Guide to Choosing the Right Flour

Best Flour for Challah Bread
Challah bread is a traditional Jewish bread that holds great cultural and religious significance. It is often used to welcome the Sabbath, and its preparation requires careful consideration of the ingredients. A crucial factor in making challah bread is the choice of flour. In this article, we will explore the best flour options for making challah bread, focusing on the qualities that make a flour suitable for this particular bread.

Understanding the Importance of Flour Choice

Not all flours are created equal, and your choice of flour can greatly affect the texture, flavor, and overall quality of your challah bread. Challah is known for its light, airy interior and slightly sweet flavor. Achieving these characteristics requires a flour with specific properties.

The qualities of the best flour for challah bread

1. Gluten content

Challah bread relies on gluten, a protein found in wheat, for its structure and texture. Therefore, the best flour for making challah bread is one with a high gluten content. Strong bread flour, made from hard wheat varieties, is an excellent choice for challah bread. It contains a higher amount of gluten than other types of flour, which provides the elasticity needed to successfully braid and shape the bread.

2. Protein content

Protein content is directly related to gluten formation in flour. Higher protein content leads to stronger gluten development, which results in better rise and structure in the bread. When selecting flour for challah bread, it is advisable to choose a flour with a protein content of about 12-14%. This protein level ensures sufficient gluten formation and contributes to the desired texture and crumb of the bread.

3. Type of flour

While specific flour types may vary in name and availability depending on the region, it is important to understand that “strong flour” or “bread flour” typically refers to the same type of flour. These flours are commonly used to make yeast-raised bread and are also suitable for challah bread. On the other hand, all-purpose flour may not provide enough gluten and structure for optimal challah bread results. Therefore, it is recommended to choose a flour that is specifically labeled as strong or bread flour.

Recommended flours for making challah bread

A highly regarded brand for making challah bread is King Arthur Flour. Their 100% Organic Bread Flour is an excellent choice due to its high protein content and gluten forming ability. This flour ensures a strong and elastic dough, resulting in a beautifully braided and well-risen challah bread.

Making Challah Dough

To make challah dough, it is important to follow the proper technique and proportions. Here is a basic recipe for making challah dough using the recommended flour:


– 1 cup hot, non-boiling water
– 1 tablespoon quick rise yeast
– 1/4 cup olive oil
– 1/4 cup honey
– 1 egg + 1 egg for the egg wash (keep separate!)
– 1 teaspoon salt
– 3 3/4 cups flour


1. In a mixing bowl, combine the hot water, yeast, egg, olive oil, honey, and salt.
2. Slowly add the flour, one cup at a time, mixing well after each addition. If using a stand mixer with a dough hook, knead the dough on low speed until all the flour is incorporated.
3. Knead the dough thoroughly for about 5 minutes until smooth. If the dough remains sticky, add a small amount of flour and continue kneading until the desired texture is achieved.
4. Place the dough in a large bowl and cover with plastic wrap. Let rise for 30-45 minutes or until doubled in size.
5. Once the dough has risen, punch down and transfer to a lightly floured surface. Knead for another 5 minutes.
6. At this point, the dough is ready to be rolled and baked as desired.

Storing Challah Dough

If you plan to bake the challah bread the next day, you can refrigerate the dough overnight. Just cover it and let it rest and rise in the refrigerator. Allow the dough to come back to room temperature before using. If you need to store the dough for an extended period of time, you can divide it into portions and place each portion in its own lightly oiled bowl. Cover tightly and refrigerate for up to 4 days. Alternatively, you can freeze the dough for 1-3 months by wrapping each portion tightly in plastic wrap and placing in a resealable freezer bag.


Choosing the right flour is essential to achieving the desired texture, flavor, and overall quality of challah bread. When making challah bread, it is recommended to use a strong bread flour with a high gluten and protein content. This ensures proper gluten formation, resulting in a light and airy interior and a beautiful braided appearance. King Arthur Flour’s 100% Organic Bread Flour is a popular choice among bakers for making challah bread. By choosing the right flour and following the proper techniques, you can create delicious and visually appealing challah bread to enjoy on special occasions or as part of your regular baking repertoire.


What type of flour is best for making challah bread?

The best type of flour for making challah bread is strong bread flour, which is made from hard wheat varieties and has a high gluten content. This allows for proper gluten formation, resulting in the desired texture and structure of the bread.

Can I use all-purpose flour to make challah bread?

While all-purpose flour can be used to make challah bread, it may not provide the same level of gluten and structure as strong bread flour. Using all-purpose flour may result in a less airy and slightly denser bread. It is recommended that strong bread flour be used for best results.

What protein content should I look for in flour for making challah bread?

When choosing flour for challah bread, look for a protein content of around 12-14%. Higher protein content results in stronger gluten development, which is critical to achieving the desired texture and crumb of the bread.

Can I use whole wheat flour to make challah bread?

While whole wheat flour can be used to make challah bread, it will result in a denser and more robust loaf compared to using white flour. If whole wheat flour is used, it is recommended that it be mixed with some white flour to maintain a lighter texture.

Is it necessary to use organic flour to make challah bread?

Using organic flour is not required, but it is often recommended for making bread, including challah bread. Organic flour tends to have higher levels of vitamins and nutrients, as well as healthy bacteria that can enhance the flavor of your baked goods.

Can I store challah dough for later use?

Yes, you can store challah dough for later use. After the dough has risen, you can refrigerate it overnight or for up to 4 days. Alternatively, you can freeze the dough for 1-3 months. Be sure to cover the dough tightly to prevent it from drying out. When ready to use, allow the dough to return to room temperature before shaping and baking.