Crescent Roll Vs Croissant: Unraveling the Differences

Crescent Roll vs Croissant – What’s the difference?

Crescent rolls and croissants may look similar, but they are distinct baked goods with notable differences. This article provides a detailed comparison of crescent rolls and croissants, focusing on their texture, flavor, ingredients, preparation process, and uses.

What are croissants?

Croissants, often associated with French cuisine, actually have their roots in Austria. The earliest precursor to the croissant, called a kipferl, dates back to the 13th century in Vienna. The kipferl, which means “sickle” in German, was a crescent-shaped pastry.
In the 17th century, Viennese bakers modified the dough for the Kipferl due to a historical event. During the Ottoman Empire’s attempted invasion of Vienna in 1683, bakers heard the Turks tunneling under the city and alerted the people, leading to the successful defense of Vienna. To commemorate this victory, Viennese bakers baked crescent-shaped pastries, symbolizing the crescent moon, the emblem of the Ottoman Empire.
Croissants gained popularity in France when Austrian entrepreneur and baker August Zang opened a bakery in Paris in the late 1840s. The French version of the croissant had an extra flaky dough that won the hearts of the locals. In 1915, French baker Sylvain Claudius Goy refined the recipe and contributed to the modern French croissant as we know it today.

What are crescent rolls?

Crescent rolls, as the name suggests, are rolls with a crescent shape. They have a fluffy texture and a homemade appearance. Although they do not have the same historical significance as croissants, they share a similar shape and name.

Crescent Roll vs. Croissant – Similarities and Differences

Type of dough

The main difference between crescent rolls and croissants is the dough. Croissant dough is laminated, which means that butter is folded into the dough several times. This process creates layers of flaky dough when baked. On the other hand, crescent roll dough is not laminated, resulting in a more bread-like texture.


The ingredients for making crescent roll and croissant dough are similar, although they may vary slightly from recipe to recipe. Both require flour, butter, sugar, yeast, milk, and salt. However, the method of preparation and the temperature of the butter used result in different types of dough.
Crescent dough recipes often include eggs, which are used in the dough itself and for brushing before baking. Croissants are also brushed with an egg wash to give them a golden brown color and shine.


Croissants and crescent rolls have different textures. Croissants are flaky and crispy on the outside, while crescent rolls are softer. Croissants have a more airy interior due to their laminated dough.


Shape is the primary factor that often confuses croissants with crescent rolls. Croissants have a crescent-shaped shape with visible layers, while crescent rolls appear smoother with no layers.


Traditional croissants have a rich, buttery flavor due to the layers of butter in the dough. They also have a mild sweetness. In contrast, crescent rolls have a slightly sweet taste with hints of yeast and saltiness. Both rolls can be filled with sweet or savory ingredients, offering a variety of flavor options.


Crescent rolls and croissants can be used in similar ways. Their neutral flavor makes them suitable for both sweet and savory fillings. They can be enjoyed for breakfast, lunch or dinner. While croissants are often baked plain and then filled, crescent rolls are often baked already filled.


The preparation process for crescent rolls and croissants differs significantly. Croissants take more time and effort to make because of the lamination process, in which layers of butter are folded into the dough. Croissant dough also requires several hours of refrigeration.
In contrast, crescent rolls are relatively easy to make, making them a good choice for beginners. Preparation involves mixing the ingredients, shaping the dough, and cutting it into triangles that are rolled into a crescent shape.

Food & Nutrition

Both crescent rolls and croissants are high in calories due to their ingredients. Croissants, with their buttery layers, contain more fat than crescent rolls. However, crescent rolls are higher in carbohydrates. The nutritional value of these rolls depends on the fillings used.


Storing Cro


Storing croissants and crescent rolls is slightly different. Croissants are best enjoyed fresh and are usually eaten the day they are baked. However, if you have leftovers, store them in an airtight container at room temperature for up to two days. To regain their crunch, they can be reheated briefly in the oven before serving.
Crescent rolls can be stored in a similar way. Store in an airtight container at room temperature for up to three days. To keep them soft, you can lightly reheat them in the microwave or oven.


In summary, while crescent rolls and croissants have a similar shape, they are different in texture, taste, preparation, and ingredients. Croissants have a flaky, laminated dough with a rich, buttery flavor, while crescent rolls have a softer, bread-like texture with a slightly sweet flavor. Both rolls offer a variety of fillings and can be enjoyed at different meals throughout the day.
Whether you prefer the delicate layers of a croissant or the simplicity of a crescent roll, these baked goods offer unique experiences that cater to different tastes and preferences. Experiment with different recipes and fillings to find your personal favorite.


What is the main difference between crescent rolls and croissants?

The main difference is the type of dough used. Croissant dough is laminated, while crescent roll dough is not. This results in different textures and flavors.

Are croissants and crescent rolls made with different ingredients?

While the ingredients for both croissants and crescent rolls are similar, the proportions may vary slightly. Both require flour, butter, sugar, yeast, milk, and salt. However, crescent roll dough often contains eggs, which are not typically used in croissant dough.

What gives croissants their flaky texture?

The flaky texture of croissants is achieved through the lamination process. Layers of butter are folded into the dough, creating distinct layers and resulting in a delicate, flaky pastry.

Can crescent rolls be substituted for croissants in recipes?

While crescent rolls and croissants are similar in shape, they differ in texture and flavor. Croissants have a flakier and lighter texture compared to crescent rolls, which have a softer and bread-like texture. Therefore, substitution may affect the overall result of the recipe.

Can I store croissants and crescent rolls for later use?

Croissants are best eaten fresh the day they are made. However, if you have leftovers, they can be stored in an airtight container at room temperature for up to two days. Crescent rolls can also be stored in an airtight container at room temperature for up to three days. Light reheating in the microwave or oven can help keep them soft.

Can croissants and crescent rolls be filled with different ingredients?

Both croissants and crescent rolls can be filled with a variety of ingredients, both sweet and savory. Croissants are often baked plain and then filled, while crescent rolls are often baked already filled. This versatility allows for endless possibilities in terms of fillings, making them suitable for different tastes and preferences.