Mastering the Art of Piping Perfect Macarons

How to Pipe Macaroons: A Comprehensive Guide

Macarons are delicate and beautiful French pastries that require precision and skill to make. While the process of making macarons can be challenging, one of the key steps that requires careful attention is piping. In this article, we will provide you with tried-and-true methods for piping perfect macarons. We will cover the essential techniques, tools, and tips to help you achieve consistent and professional-looking results. So, let’s dive into the art of piping macarons!

Understanding Macaroons

Before we dive into the specifics of piping macarons, let’s take a moment to understand the nature of these delicious treats. Macarons have a French meringue base made from egg whites, powdered sugar, granulated sugar, and almond flour. They are often flavored and colored to add visual appeal to their already exquisite flavor.
To create the perfect macaron, the ingredients must be mixed together using a technique called “macaronage”. This process involves combining the ingredients in a specific way to achieve a smooth dough consistency. Once the macaron dough is ready, piping becomes a critical step in shaping the macaron shells before baking.

Tips for piping macarons

Piping macaroons requires precision and attention to detail. Here are some essential tips to help you master the art of piping macarons:

1. Use a template

The use of a template is crucial to achieving consistent macaron sizes. You can find free templates online or invest in a silicone baking mat with a pre-drawn macaron template. The standard size for a macaron is usually between 1½ and 2 inches in diameter. Place the template under a sheet of parchment paper or silicone mat to guide your piping.

2. Prepare your piping bag

Choosing the right size piping bag and preparing it correctly is essential for successful macaron piping. Consider the amount of dough you plan to use and choose an appropriate size piping bag. If you’re a beginner, all-in-one macaron kits can be convenient and eliminate the need to gather materials separately.
To prepare the piping bag, follow these steps:

  1. Place the piping tip inside the bag by inserting it first.
  2. Find a tall container or cup with enough room to hold the bag.
  3. Twist the end of the bag with the tip and tuck it into the container, making sure the mixture doesn’t leak out.
  4. Fold the open ends of the bag over the rim of the container.
  5. Carefully transfer the macaroon mixture from the bowl to the bag.
  6. Tie off the top of the bag and remove from the container.
  7. Cut around the tip at the bottom of the bag, about halfway up, making sure the wide mouth of the tip fits snugly inside the bag.

Note: Experienced bakers often recommend using a 2A or #12 piping tip for standard macaroons.

3. Hold upright and squeeze from the top.

Piping macaroons requires a special technique to ensure consistent shape and texture. Hold the piping bag upright over each spot on the template and squeeze from the top in one fluid motion until the macaron reaches the desired size. Before piping on the template, check for any air pockets or bubbles in the piping bag and eliminate them by re-tying the top.
Avoid the following mistakes to get smooth and sturdy macaron bottoms:

  • Drawing, spiraling or filling in the circle on the stencil from the outside in.
  • Pile or stack the mixture by pumping several times.

4. Finish with a “flick

The final step in piping macaroons is to finish with a “flick”. This technique may take some practice, but it is critical to achieving a consistent shape and smooth surface. After squeezing the macaron to the proper size, gently pull the piping bag to one side while stopping the squeezing motion. This action should leave the macaron with a clean top and prevent any dimpling.

5. Knock out the bubbles

Once you’ve piped all the macaron mixture onto the stencil, it’s important to check for and eliminate any bubbles. Bubbles can result in hollow and fragile macaron shells. There are two methods you can use to remove bubbles:

  • Gently tap the baking sheet on the counter a few times to pop the bubbles.
  • Hold the sheet up and tap the bottom of the pan to release the air. Be careful not to tilt the baking sheet for too long, as this may affect the size and shape of the macaroon.

You can also use a toothpick to smooth over each piped macaroon and check for any remaining bubbles.


Piping macaroons is both an art and a science. By following these essential tips and techniques, you can achieve beautifully piped macarons with consistent size, shape and texture. Remember to use a template for accurate sizing, prepare your piping bag properly, hold it upright and squeeze from the top, finish with a flick, and eliminate any bubbles before baking.
With practice and attention to detail, you’ll master the art of piping macarons and impress your friends and family with these delicate and delicious treats. Enjoy the process and have fun experimenting with different flavors and fillings to create your own unique macaron creations. Happy baking!


Can I pipe macaroons without using a template?

Yes, while using a stencil gives you consistency in size and shape, you can still pipe macaroons without one. However, using a template is highly recommended for beginners to achieve professional looking results.

What size piping bag should I use for macaroons?

The size of the piping bag depends on the amount of dough you are going to use. It’s best to choose a piping bag that will comfortably hold the amount of dough you need without overfilling. A 12-inch piping bag is a common size that works well for most macaron recipes.

How do I avoid air bubbles in the piping bag?

To avoid air bubbles in the piping bag, make sure to remove any trapped air before piping. After filling the piping bag with the macaroon mixture, gently squeeze out any trapped air and secure the top of the bag. This will ensure smooth and even piping.

Why is the “flick” technique important when piping macaroons?

The “flick” technique is important because it helps create a clean top surface on the macarons and prevents any dimpling. By slightly pulling the piping bag to one side while stopping the piping motion, you can achieve a clean finish and improve the overall appearance of your macarons.

Can I tap the baking tray to remove bubbles after piping?

Yes, tapping the baking sheet on the counter a few times after piping can help to remove any air bubbles that may have formed. This will give the macaroons a smooth texture and reduce the risk of hollow shells. You can also use a toothpick to smooth over each piped macaron and check for any remaining bubbles.

How do I know if I’ve piped enough dough onto the template?

You can tell if you have piped enough dough onto the template by looking at the size and shape of the macaroons. They should be uniform in size and have a slightly raised appearance. With practice, you’ll get a feel for how much dough to pipe to get the desired result.